WHAT IS GROUP FORM ? Learning from Daikan-yama Hillside Terrace For Resilient Inheritance – Docomomo 2020

DOCOMOMO International Student Workshop 2020+1 Tokyo

We were planning to announce the contents of the DOCOMOMO International Student Workshop 2021 in December, but due to various reasons, we have decided to postpone it until January 2021. We would like to expand the workshop to a more global scale by adding new approaches. In order to meet your expectations, we will prepare fully and publish the contents. Thank you for your understanding.
We will kindly ask that students who have applied for the 2020 WS to re-apply for the 2021 workshop.
We apologize for any inconvenience this may cause and ask for your cooperation in this regard. Thank you for your understanding.

Learning from Daikan-yama Hillside Terrace For Resilient Inheritance

The goal of the Workshop is to understand the significance of ideas in modern movement for our contemporary society and the environment. You will discover new ideas and methodologies through participation in our Workshop. With this unique experience, participants will take home valuable tools and approaches to help develop new ideas for your future career.



Tokyo is a large, modern and futuristic city. It is also very historic. After the middle of 20th Century, some architects and critics predicted that “modern architecture is likely to lose the regional or historical character.” “Daikan-yama Hillside Terrace”, in the mega-city Tokyo, has successfully connected to the historical and regional context through the vocabulary of modern architecture. Today, we must answer to the challenging question of how we can preserve and develop our environment while the architects continue to evolve the modernist theory. We believe that this Workshop, in the context of Daikan-yama Hillside Terrace, will inspire us all.

© Kaneaki Monma


Fumihiko Maki, one of the world’s leading contemporary architects and the Pritzker Award winner, was responsible for the design of Daikan-yama Hillside Terrace, built in phases between 1969 and 1992. In the project, Maki considered the surrounding environment as the context of history and geographical region.

© Kaneaki Monma

Mr. Maki will give a lecture at the beginning of the Workshop and his office will lend support in your understanding of the project. Isn’t this an amazing opportunity!?
The following text is compiled for your initial understanding of the context and the thoughts of Mr. Maki. Italic are his words from his essay on JA Magazine 16 1994.

Hillside Terrace Complex I-Ⅵ Outline (MAKI AND ASSOCIATE WEB Site)


You will understand three major approaches for Collective Form.

  1. 1: Compositional Form
  2. 2: Mega-Structure (Form)
  3. 3: Group Form

Maki explained his theory about Group Form with showing traditional villages. Learn it with documents we DOCOMOMO will provide for the workshop.

(left) A Dogon village, (right) A Greek village. Two examples of Group Form architecture.
Source: Fumihiko Maki, “ChapterⅠ Collective Form-Three Paradigm,” JA, 1994 April, pp259


You will experience the architecture and the environment, which you can, only through being in the place. You will find what Maki, in the past fifty years, has nurtured” Daikan-yama Hillside Terrace through the process of design, and how you also can “nurture” your projects with skills and knowledge to create the history and the future.
Daikan-yama is situated within the central core of a mega-city Tokyo and is well known for its concentrated cultural venues and activities, while historical context, nature and buildings are well-preserved.

You’ll find the relationship between mega-city and the preserved environment which reveals unique Sequence and Linkage in Hillside Terrace and the neighborhood in Daikan-yama. Maki mentions that this research is aimed at accomplishing the Unity of Experience.

Maki describes five Operational Categories for the sequence and linkage.

  1. 1: To Mediate
  2. 2: To Define
  3. 3: To Repeat
  4. 4: To Make A Sequential Path
  5. 5: To Select

As an example, “Former Asakura Residence”, built over a hundred years ago, should be comprehended as a linkage to history. Around this linkage, you will find and record something to “mediate”, “define”, “repeat”, “make a sequential path”, or “select.”


GOAL: To design the space as a new linkage in the context of Time and Landscape.


Step 1 (Day 1)
Learn and Experience
Special Lecture: Fumihiko Maki “Design Theory”
Lecture 01: Takayuki Suzuki “Presentation on Sequence”
Experience: Research and record. In addition to the methods you have learned in school, your smart phone will become a useful tool in the process. Use various applications on your phone which can record various elements in the environment, such as images, proportions, sounds, temperature, light, wind, distance, size, scale…
Group Presentation: Home Work
Group Discussion: Understanding the context and develop the strategy for the evaluation of the site.
Step 2 (Day 2)
Analyze and Discover
Lecture 02: Hidenobu Jin-nai “History of Edo-Tokyo / Transformation 1960s-80s” (TBD)
Lecture 03: Teruyuki Monnai “Analysis: Daikan-yama” (TBD)
Lecture 04: Andrea Caziani “Comparison to the ‘Modern’ in Europe"
Analysis: You will analyze the data you compiled with the smart phone, sketches and photos. The key is to find the “good linkage”, as well as the “lack of linkage”. Place of the “lack of linkage” will be the site you will choose to make an intervention through your design.
Two Group Presentation: 5 images of Daikan-yama
Group Discussion: From Analysis to Design. Develop the strategy for the project.
Step 3 (Day 3)
Design and Link
Lecture 05: Wassel de Jonge “Comparison to the ‘Modern’ in Europe”
Design: In the site you find, design architecture that will link space and/or time, landscape and/or history. Design space, shape, material and function will link them. Design the Sequence and the Linkage.
Two Group Presentation: Linkage / Lack of Linkage
Group Discussion: Regarding Link and Sequence. Develop the strategy for the project.
Step 4 (Day 4)
Sequence and the Linkage
Design and Expression: Continue to design the Sequence and the Linkage. From the compiled result of your research and the architecture you are designing, begin the preparation for a presentation which expresses the “updated” Sequence and Linkage in Daikan-yama. Sequence may be well presented as a slide-show-movie by PowerPoint with image you shoot and graphics you draw.
Group Discussion: The Proposal
Architects and citizens who related to Daikan-yama will join the Group Discussions.
Proposal and Review
Proposal will be presented on a slide-show- movie, A1 boards for the conference venue and a physical model (if it is necessary).
The jury will select excellent works and announced in the Conference and the Web Site.
DOCOMOMO International Student Workshop 2018 Ljubljana

Note: The contents of the Workshop may be revised. This page will be updated accordingly.


September 6: Daikan-yama Hillside Terrace, Hillside Plaza
September 7 th -10 th : Nihon University (Surugadai Campus)
September 10 th -13 th : Tokyo University of Arts, The University Arts Museum (Exhibited)
Participants in the workshop are expected to participate in DOCOMOMO International Conference (10th -13th Sept.)

Application Guidelines:
Application period: 15 th December 2019 – 15 th July 2020
Due to the COVID-19, the application deadline will be extended to 15th July. However, students those who apply by April 15th will be notified of the result by the end of April, and the application will be closed when the capacity is reached before July 15th.

Application Form:
Please fill in the following application form.
This workshop is for the students who are bachelors or masters and does not include PhD candidates or post doctors.

Criteria for the selection of the participating members are based on the statement of purpose, motivation, experience and the skills of the applicants.

Registration Fee:
Early registration: €200.00, Registration: €300.00
Participation fees include conference participation fees(September 10-13), lunch fees for September 6-10, handouts and activity group insurance fee. Expenses, not mentioned above, such as the presentation/registration fee, accommodation fee, etc., are not included.

Applicant may apply for the scholarship. Please check the scholarship information on the DOCOMOMO 2020 website bellow:

Registration period:
Early registration: 15th May, 2020 –15th June, 2020 (JST)
Normal registration: 16th June, 2020 – 15th August , 2020 (JST)

Personal information provided on the application form will be used only for the workshop
implementation and evaluation purposes. It will not be made public unless given consent
by the applicant.
The copyright of the implementation program shall belong to DOCOMOMO Japan.

Committee members:
Andrea Canziani: Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Wessel de Jonge: TU Delft (The Netherlands)
Gonçalo Moniz: University of Coimbra (Iberia)
Carolina Quiroga: University of Buenos Aires (Argentina)

Yasuko Kamei: Nihon University (Japan)
George Kunihiro: Kokushikan University (Japan)
Takayuki Suzuki: Wuhan University, China (Japan)
Yoshiyuki Yamana: Tokyo University of Science (Japan)
(alphabetical order)

General Incorporated Association DOCOMOMO Japan

Contact Information:
(Please contact us here only regarding the student workshop.)