DOCOMOMO International Student Workshop 2020 Tokyo
6th -10th September 2020

WHAT IS GROUP FORM ?
Learning from Daikan-yama Hillside Terrace For Resilient Inheritance

The goal of the Workshop is to understand the significance of ideas in modern movement for our contemporary society and the environment. You will discover new ideas and methodologies through participation in our Workshop. With this unique experience, participants will take home valuable tools and approaches to help develop new ideas for your future career.

© ASPI

TOKYO ~ MODERN AND HISTORIC

Tokyo is a large, modern and futuristic city. It is also very historic. After the middle of 20th Century, some architects and critics predicted that “modern architecture is likely to lose the regional or historical character.” “Daikan-yama Hillside Terrace”, in the mega-city Tokyo, has successfully connected to the historical and regional context through the vocabulary of modern architecture. Today, we must answer to the challenging question of how we can preserve and develop our environment while the architects continue to evolve the modernist theory. We believe that this Workshop, in the context of Daikan-yama Hillside Terrace, will inspire us all.

© Kaneaki Monma

DAIKAN-YAMA HILLSIDE TERRACE AND FUMIHIKO MAKI

Fumihiko Maki, one of the world’s leading contemporary architects and the Pritzker Award winner, was responsible for the design of Daikan-yama Hillside Terrace, built in phases between 1969 and 1992. In the project, Maki considered the surrounding environment as the context of history and geographical region.

© Kaneaki Monma

Mr. Maki will give a lecture at the beginning of the Workshop and his office will lend support in your understanding of the project. Isn’t this an amazing opportunity!?
The following text is compiled for your initial understanding of the context and the thoughts of Mr. Maki. Italic are his words from his essay on JA Magazine 16 1994.

Hillside Terrace Complex I-Ⅵ Outline (MAKI AND ASSOCIATE WEB Site)

WHAT IS “GROUP FORM” ANYWAY?

You will understand three major approaches for Collective Form.

  1. 1: Compositional Form
  2. 2: Mega-Structure (Form)
  3. 3: Group Form

Maki explained his theory about Group Form with showing traditional villages. Learn it with documents we DOCOMOMO will provide for the workshop.

(left) A Dogon village, (right) A Greek village. Two examples of Group Form architecture.
Source: Fumihiko Maki, “ChapterⅠ Collective Form-Three Paradigm,” JA, 1994 April, pp259

YOU WILL EXPERIENCE AND FIND….

You will experience the architecture and the environment, which you can, only through being in the place. You will find what Maki, in the past fifty years, has nurtured” Daikan-yama Hillside Terrace through the process of design, and how you also can “nurture” your projects with skills and knowledge to create the history and the future.
Daikan-yama is situated within the central core of a mega-city Tokyo and is well known for its concentrated cultural venues and activities, while historical context, nature and buildings are well-preserved.

You’ll find the relationship between mega-city and the preserved environment which reveals unique Sequence and Linkage in Hillside Terrace and the neighborhood in Daikan-yama. Maki mentions that this research is aimed at accomplishing the Unity of Experience.

Maki describes five Operational Categories for the sequence and linkage.

  1. 1: To Mediate
  2. 2: To Define
  3. 3: To Repeat
  4. 4: To Make A Sequential Path
  5. 5: To Select

As an example, “Former Asakura Residence”, built over a hundred years ago, should be comprehended as a linkage to history. Around this linkage, you will find and record something to “mediate”, “define”, “repeat”, “make a sequential path”, or “select.”

4 STEPS TO GOAL

GOAL: To design the space as a new linkage in the context of Time and Landscape.

STEPS:

Step 1 (Day 1)
Learn and Experience
Special Lecture: Fumihiko Maki “Design Theory”
Experience: Research and record. In addition to the methods you have learned in school, your smart phone will become a useful tool in the process. Use various applications on your phone which can record various elements in the environment, such as images, proportions, sounds, temperature, light, wind, distance, size, scale…
Group Discussion: Understanding the context and develop the strategy
Step 2 (Day 2)
Analyze and Discover
Lecture A: Guest lecturer to be announced “Analysis” Analysis: You will analyze the data you compiled with the smart phone. The key is to find the “good linkage”, as well as the “lack of linkage”. Place of the “lack of linkage” will be the site you will choose to make an intervention through your design.
Lecture B: Wassel de Jonge “Comparison to the ‘Modern’ in Europe”
Group Discussion: From Analysis to Design
Step 3 (Day 3)
Design and Link
Lecture A: Guest lecturer to be announced “History”
Design: In the site you find, design architecture that will link space and/or time, landscape and/or history. Design space, shape, material and function will link them. Design the Sequence and the Linkage.
Lecture B: Guest lecturer to be announced “Comparison to the ‘Modern’ in Europe"
Group Discussion: Regarding Link and Sequence
Step 4 (Day 4)
Sequence and the Linkage
Lecture A: Takayuki Suzuki (to be confirmed) “Presentation on Sequence”
Design and Expression: Continue to design the Sequence and the Linkage. From the compiled result of your research and the architecture you are designing, begin the preparation for a presentation which expresses the “updated” Sequence and Linkage in Daikan-yama. Sequence may be well presented as a slide-show-movie by PowerPoint with image you shoot and graphics you draw.
Lecture B: Guest lecturer to be announced
Group Discussion: The Proposal
Architects participating in the DOCOMOMO Conference will join the Group Discussions.
DAY 5
Proposal and Review
Proposal will be presented on A1 boards, a physical model and a slide-show- movie.
The jury will select excellent works and announced in the Conference and the Web Site.
DOCOMOMO International Student Workshop 2018 Ljubljana

Note: The contents of the Workshop may be revised. This page will be updated accordingly.

JOIN THE WORKSHOP

Venue:
September 6: Daikan-yama Hillside Terrace, Hillside Plaza
September 7 th -10 th : Nihon University (Surugadai Campus)
September 10 th -13 th : Tokyo University of Arts, The University Arts Museum (Exhibited)
Participants in the workshop are expected to participate in DOCOMOMO International Conference (10th -13th Sept.)

Application Guidelines:
Application period: 15 th December 2019 – 15 th April 2020

Application Form:
Please fill in the following application form.

Selection/Acceptation:
Criteria for the selection of the participating members are based on the statement of purpose, motivation, experience and the skills of the applicants.

Registration Fee:
Early registration: €200.00, Registration: €300.00
Participation fees include conference participation fees (September 10-13), lunch fees for September 6-10, handouts and activity group insurance fee. Expenses, not mentioned above, such as the presentation/registration fee, accommodation fee, etc., are not included.

Applicant may apply for the scholarship. Please check the scholarship information on the DOCOMOMO 2020 website bellow:
https://docomomo2020.com/

Registration period:
Early registration: May 15th, 2020 – June 15th, 2020 (JST)
Normal registration: June 16th, 2020 – July 15th, 2020 (JST)

Personal information provided on the application form will be used only for the workshop
implementation and evaluation purposes. It will not be made public unless given consent
by the applicant.
The copyright of the implementation program shall belong to DOCOMOMO Japan.

Committee members:
Andrea Canziani: Politecnico di Milano (Italy)
Wessel de Jonge: TU Delft (The Netherlands)
Gonçalo Moniz: University of Coimbra (Iberia)
Carolina Quiroga: University of Buenos Aires (Argentina)

Yasuko Kamei: Nihon University (Japan)
George Kunihiro: Kokushikan University (Japan)
Takayuki Suzuki: Wuhan University, China (Japan)
Yoshiyuki Yamana: Tokyo University of Science (Japan)
(alphabetical order)

Host:
General Incorporated Association DOCOMOMO Japan

Contact Information:
WS@docomomo2020.com
(Please contact us here only regarding the student workshop.)